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Hardware/Computer engineering

Computer engineering

Computer System engineering, also called computer engineering, is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer systems.Computer System engineers usually have training in electronic engineering, software design and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer System engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.
Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.
The first accredited computer engineering degree program in the United States was established at Case Western Reserve University in 1971. As of October 2004, there were 170 ABET-accredited computer engineering programs in the US.Due to increasing job requirements for engineers, who can concurrently design hardware, software, firmware, and manage all forms of computer systems used in industry, some tertiary institutions around the world offer a bachelor's degree generally called computer engineering. Both computer engineering and electronic engineering programs include analog and digital circuit design in their curricula. As with most engineering disciplines, having a sound knowledge of mathematics and sciences is necessary for computer engineers.
In many institutions, computer engineering students are allowed to choose areas of in-depth study in their junior and senior year, because the full breadth of knowledge used in the design and application of computers is beyond the scope of an undergraduate degree. The joint IEEE/ACM Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Computer Engineering defines the core knowledge areas of computer engineering as the following:
  • Digital and Logic Design (Using Verilog or VHDL)
  • Algorithms and Compiler Construction
  • Computer architecture and organization
  • Industrial Instrumentation
  • Industrial automation (Using PLCs,PLDs,and HMI)
  • Robotics
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Circuit analysis
  • Signal and systems
  • Database systems (Using MS Access, SQL and Oracle)
  • Digital (Computer) electronics
  • Digital signal processing (Using Matlab)
  • Electronics
  • Embedded systems (Using Microcontrollers,FPGA,PLDs and ARMs)
  • Human-computer interaction or Human Machine Interface(HMI)
  • Interactive Systems engineering
  • Operating systems (Using LINUX,SOLARIS,Mac OS and RTOs)
  • Programming fundamentals
  • Social and professional issues
  • Software engineering (Using UML)
  • Computer security
  • VLSI design and fabrication
  • Computer networking (Using Omnet,Opnet,RouterSim and Packet Tracer)
  • Wireless Communication (Using Zigbee,Bluetooth,WiFi and WiMAX)
  • Fault diagnostic and tolerant systems
  • Parallel and distributed computing
  • Control engineering (Digital and Analog)
  • Microprocessors interfacing and programming
  • Microwave Engineering
  • Electric and Electronic Machines
  • Power Electronics
  • Process Control and Instrumentation
  • Programming Languages (Using C)#,VB.NET,JAVA)
  • Computer Graphics (Using 3DS MAX,MAYA)
  • Data Acquisition Systems
  • Internet and Web Programming (Using XHTML,ASP.NET,JAVASCRIPT AND COLD FUSION)
  • Hardware Engineering (PC Components Design LAN Card,Sound Card,VGA Card,Motherboard,MODEM etc)
  • PC Interfacing and Process Control
  • Analog and Digital PCB Design (Using ORCAD,ARES,EAGLEVIEW)